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IBM Determined to be Part of the Growth of Datacentres

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Big Blue (IBM) is determined to be part of the growth of datacentres and appears to be reorganising its structure to maximise the cloud opportunity. IBM was the life work of 2 Americans, having evolved from NCR and CTR, being started by Thomas J. Watson and Charles Ranlett Flint on June 16, 1911 nearly 104 years ago.

Thomas John Watson Sr, Born February 17, 1874 was an American businessman, he served as the chairman and CEO of International Business Machines and oversaw the company's growth into an international force from 1914 to 1956.


See Charles Babbages computer

He developed IBM's distinctive management style and corporate culture, and turned the company into a highly-effective selling organisation, based largely on punched card tabulating machines which developed into computers and personal computers, he died in 1956, before the PC was thought of (allegedly). On his way up Watson worked for National Cash Register (NCR) and later Charles Ranlett Flint who had engineered the merger and creation of the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) found it difficult to manage and therefore hired Watson as general manager on May 1, 1914 when the company had about 1300 employees. Eleven months later Watson became president of CTR, doubling its revenues to $9 million in 4 years.

In 1924, they renamed the company International Business Machines. Watson built IBM into such a dominant company that the federal government filed a civil antitrust suit against it in 1952. IBM owned and leased to its customers more than 90 percent of all tabulating machines in the United States at the time. When Watson died in 1956, IBM's revenues were $897 million, and the company had 72,500 employees

The First Use Of The Word  "Computer"

The first use of the word "computer" was recorded in 1613, referring to a person who carried out calculations, or computations, and the word continued with the same meaning until the middle of the 20th century. From the end of the 19th century onwards, the word began to take on its more familiar meaning, describing a machine that carries out computations.

Charles Babbage (1791-1871), computer pioneer, designed the first automatic computing engines. He invented computers in his mind, but did not build them.

The son of a wealthy English family educated at Cambridge University he dedicated his time and mind to design. The first complete Babbage Engine was completed in London in 2002, 153 years after it was designed. Difference Engine No. 2, built faithfully to the original drawings, consists of 8,000 parts, weighs five tons, and measures 11 feet long.

An identical Difference Engine was completed in March 2008 transported to California and is on display at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California.